Though the modern concept of the word euthanasia is physician-assisted suicide, it has nothing in common with what has become known as the Euthanasia Program conducted by the National Socialist regime. This chapter discusses the Euthanasia Program and the establishment of euthanasia centers in Germany. Operation 14f13 involved the killing of approximately 20,000 concentration camp inmates under the auspices of the program. Some 6,000 children perished under the children's Euthanasia Program, which provided mercy deaths for children born with deformities. The chapter also provides a brief life story of Herbert Lange, the man who eventually established the Chełmno extermination camp.
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