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Chełmno and the HolocaustThe History of Hitler's First Death Camp$
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Patrick Montague

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780807835272

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869413_montague

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Extermination: The First Period (1941–1943)

Extermination: The First Period (1941–1943)

(p.49) Chapter 2 Extermination: The First Period (1941–1943)
Chełmno and the Holocaust

Patrick Montague

University of North Carolina Press

Herbert Lange chose Chełmno as the site to establish a death camp because it was centrally positioned in relation to the Jewish population of the Warthegau. Located some 60 kilometers northwest of Łodź, Chełmno is situated in a bend of the highway between Dąbie, six kilometers to the south, and Koło. This chapter discusses the establishment of the Chełmno camp, beginning with the arrival of the Sonderkommando to Chełmno, the construction of the camp, and the arrival of the first transport of victims. The extermination process began in early December 1941 with the liquidation of the Jewish populations of surrounding towns and villages. Among the first to be exterminated in Chełmno came directly from the Łodź ghetto, the second largest Jewish ghetto.

Keywords:   Herbert Lange, death camp, Warthegau, Chełmno, Dąbie, Koło, extermination process

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