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Retreat from GettysburgLee, Logistics, and the Pennsylvania Campaign$
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Kent Masterson Brown, Esq.

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829219

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869420_brown

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By the Blessing of Providence, I Will Do It

By the Blessing of Providence, I Will Do It

(p.256) Eleven By the Blessing of Providence, I Will Do It
Retreat from Gettysburg

Kent Masterson Brown

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the tactics employed by General Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia against General George Gordon Meade and the Union Army of the Potomac as the former made their retreat to Virginia during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, at the height of the Civil War. As fighting raged in the streets of Hagerstown and east of Williamsport on the afternoon of July 6, Lee's troops kept marching forward until they reached Hagerstown the next morning. Lee wanted Meade to attack while his troops occupied the eastern base of the South Mountain range and the two entrances to Monterey Pass. The steady but deliberate movement of Lee's army toward Monterey Pass from the morning of July 5 until the afternoon of the following day was one of the most critical episodes of their retreat. To obtain stores for future use, Lee's men conducted foraging as they advanced through the rain and mud.

Keywords:   retreat, Robert E. Lee, Northern Virginia, George Gordon Meade, Union Army, Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War, Williamsport, Monterey Pass, South Mountain range

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