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Boston Against BusingRace, Class, and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s$
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Ronald P. Formisano

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780807855263

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869703_formisano

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Race, Class, and Justice

Race, Class, and Justice

Chapter:
(p.222) 10 Race, Class, and Justice
Source:
Boston Against Busing
Author(s):

Ronald P. Formisano

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807869703_formisano.14

This chapter describes how official immobility gave way to time-consuming studies and to limited attempts at student transfers, which provoked bitter white protest. By the time the federal department of Health, Education and Welfare was willing to induce a plan of magnet schools and voluntary busing (1975–77), the white school population had fallen to under 25 percent. In San Francisco, white officials moved quickly to endorse integration in the abstract, but antibusing neighborhood groups delayed concrete action until a federal court decision brought about busing in 1971. Chinese and Hispanics joined whites in protesting and boycotting the desegregation plan, and white flight rapidly resegregated many schools. Soon black parents too were expressing a preference for neighborhood schools. By 1978, less than 17 percent of students were white. A second National Association for the Advancement of Colored People suit finally produced a 1982 plan to enrich black schools, but by then funds to Finance school improvement had dried up.

Keywords:   official immobility, student transfers, white protest, magnet schools, voluntary busing

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