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Boston Against BusingRace, Class, and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s$
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Ronald P. Formisano

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780807855263

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869703_formisano

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The Antibusing Spectrum

The Antibusing Spectrum

Moderation and Compliance

(p.88) 5 The Antibusing Spectrum
Boston Against Busing

Ronald P. Formisano

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter shows that most white residents of Boston, and particularly most white parents of schoolchildren, were overwhelmingly antibusing in some way. Some fought the court orders in the ranks of ROAR or by acts of individual resistance. Some fled, putting their children in parochial schools or anywhere but in the Boston public schools. A few left the city. Many more during the first two years tried to give desegregation a chance by sending all or some of their children to the public schools. Hundreds of parents did more than just send their children to desegregated schools. Judge Garrity had provided that a Racial-Ethnic Parent Council be established in each school throughout the city, as well as a Citywide Parents' Advisory Council, formed entirely by parents.

Keywords:   white residents, Boston, court orders, ROAR, individual resistance, parochial schools, Boston public schools

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