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AmericanismNew Perspectives on the History of an Ideal$
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Michael Kazin and Joseph A. McCartin

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830109

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869710_kazin

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The Promise of Freedom, the Friend of Authority

The Promise of Freedom, the Friend of Authority

American Culture in Postwar France

(p.205) The Promise of Freedom, the Friend of Authority

Louis Menand

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores the meaning and uses of Americanism in France after World War II, focusing on how French thinkers such as Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus utilizedle style américainthat they distilled from the novels of Ernest Hemingway, Erskine Caldwell, and William Faulkner and the crime movies known asfilm noir. It considers the cultural exchange between France and America, the impact of American culture on France in the twentieth century, and the French response to it. Finally, it discusses one irony in the globalization of American culture: the products that were most successful in presenting a positive image of the United States abroad were perceived as negative images at home—which is essentially a form of anti-Americanism.

Keywords:   novels, Americanism, France, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, crime movies, film noir, America, culture, anti-Americanism

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