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The Civil War in the WestVictory and Defeat from the Appalachians to the Mississippi$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780807835425

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869840_hess

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Spring and Summer 1861

Spring and Summer 1861

(p.1) 1 Spring and Summer 1861
The Civil War in the West

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter on April 12–14, 1861 was an overt act of violence and lawlessness, solidifying a common cause for Northerners. Another issue that emerged among the Northerners as a further motivation for fighting was the question of sovereignty over Mississippi River, a vast artery of commerce and communications.

Keywords:   Fort Sumter, violence, lawlessness, Northerners, sovereignty, Mississippi River

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