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Grassroots GarveyismThe Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927$
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Mary G. Rolinson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830925

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson

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(p.72) 3 Growth
Grassroots Garveyism

Mary G. Rolinson

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the structure of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in the South on a state-by-state basis. It documents the spread of UNIA divisions, both geographically and chronologically, by focusing on the publicized activities of important southern divisions, as well as the steps taken by national, regional, and local organizers in the region. The chapter analyzes these patterns in order to understand when and how the UNIA spread, along with the dynamics of organization in rural areas. It also considers the role played by the Negro World in establishing the essential link between Marcus Garvey and the southern UNIA divisions and in addressing topics important to southern blacks. Finally, the chapter discusses issues that were given emphasis by Negro World, including the labor crisis in southern agriculture, lynching and the Ku Klux Klan, and the persistence of white racism.

Keywords:   blacks, Universal Negro Improvement Association, South, Negro World, Marcus Garvey, labor crisis, agriculture, lynching, Ku Klux Klan, white racism

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