This chapter examines the Universal Negro Improvement Association's (UNIA) appeal to members in the rural South, focusing on Southwest Georgia, the Arkansas Delta, and the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. Drawing on primary data obtained from numerous sources that described local conditions, including hundreds of letters and petitions sent to the Department of Justice and the Office of the Pardon Attorney of the United States, the chapter highlights the devotion to Garveyism of UNIA members all over the rural South. These documents, combined with monthly divisional reports reprinted in the Negro World along with letters and editorials from UNIA supporters, revealed the most dynamic divisions and the perspectives of blacks identified with the UNIA. The chapter also discusses Marcus Garvey's idea for the redemption of Africa.
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