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Rome, the Greek World, and the EastVolume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East$
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Fergus Millar, Hannah M. Cotton, and Guy MacLean Rogers

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830307

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876657_millar

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Paul of Samosata, Zenobia, and Aurelian: The Church, Local Culture, and Political Allegiance in Third-Century Syria *

Paul of Samosata, Zenobia, and Aurelian: The Church, Local Culture, and Political Allegiance in Third-Century Syria *

Chapter:
(p.243) Chapter Ten Paul of Samosata, Zenobia, and Aurelian: The Church, Local Culture, and Political Allegiance in Third-Century Syria *
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Rome, the Greek World, and the East
Author(s):

Fergus Millar

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807876657_millar.16

Paul of Samosata succeeded Demetrianus as bishop of Antioch. He held a government post as ducenarius (i.e., a procurator with a salary of 200,000 sesterces per annum) in the service of Palmyra's queen, Zenobia. This chapter examines the belief and practice of Paul in the context of cultural and political relationships in Roman Syria. It discusses Paul's procuratorship, Zenobia's patronage to Paul, and the events leading up to the deposition of Paul. Zenobia's leanings to Judaism combined with the resemblance between Paul's view of Christ and Jewish belief may explain how the story of their connection arose. Paul was later accused of heresy but refused to leave the church. His opponents successfully appealed to Aurelian and Paul was condemned at the second synod held in 268/9.

Keywords:   Paul of Samosata, Demetrianus, Antioch, Palmyra, Zenobia, Roman Syria, Judaism, Jewish belief, Aurelian

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