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Rome, the Greek World, and the EastVolume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East$
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Fergus Millar, Hannah M. Cotton, and Guy MacLean Rogers

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830307

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876657_millar

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Hagar, Ishmael, Josephus, And the Origins of Islam*

Hagar, Ishmael, Josephus, And the Origins of Islam*

(p.351) Chapter Fourteen Hagar, Ishmael, Josephus, And the Origins of Islam*
Rome, the Greek World, and the East

Fergus Millar

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores the question of the genealogy and religious affiliation of Arabs in Josephus's retelling of the story of Abraham, Hagar, and Ishmael in the Antiquities. The legendary common genealogy of the Arabs was supplied from written Jewish tradition by Josephus, who saw in them the descendants of Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar, thereby making them legitimate heirs to Jewish monotheism. This conception of a common descent and common source of religious observances between Jews and Arabs was original to Josephus alone.

Keywords:   Arabs, Josephus, Abraham, Hagar, Ishmael, Antiquities, Jewish tradition, Jews

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