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Terms of InclusionBlack Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Brazil$
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Paulina L. Alberto

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834374

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877715_alberto

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. Fraternity

. Fraternity

Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, 1925–1929

(p.69) 2. Fraternity
Terms of Inclusion

Paulina L. Alberto

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the writers in Sao Paulo's black press and how they invoked Brazil's traditions of racial fraternity in an attempt to constitute an alternate public consciousness. This consciousness would oppose scientific racism, whitening ideologies, racist immigration policies, and the racism of immigrants themselves. Sao Paulo's black journalists used fraternity, in other words, as a bulwark against attitudes that threatened to turn black Brazilians into foreigners in their native land. Until the mid-1920s, this strategy was confined to the pages of the black press, with its rather narrow readership. In the second half of the 1920s, men of color in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro seized an opportunity to air their interpretations of racial fraternity on a much broader public stage.

Keywords:   Sao Paulo, black press, racial fraternity, public consciousness, scientific racism

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