Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, 1925–1929
This chapter discusses the writers in Sao Paulo's black press and how they invoked Brazil's traditions of racial fraternity in an attempt to constitute an alternate public consciousness. This consciousness would oppose scientific racism, whitening ideologies, racist immigration policies, and the racism of immigrants themselves. Sao Paulo's black journalists used fraternity, in other words, as a bulwark against attitudes that threatened to turn black Brazilians into foreigners in their native land. Until the mid-1920s, this strategy was confined to the pages of the black press, with its rather narrow readership. In the second half of the 1920s, men of color in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro seized an opportunity to air their interpretations of racial fraternity on a much broader public stage.
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