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Confronting AmericaThe Cold War between the United States and the Communists in France and Italy$
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Alessandro Brogi

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834732

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877746_brogi

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Communist Peace Campaigns and American Psychological Warfare, 1948–1955

Communist Peace Campaigns and American Psychological Warfare, 1948–1955

(p.122) 4 Communist Peace Campaigns and American Psychological Warfare, 1948–1955
Confronting America

Alessandro Brogi

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the Cold War communist peace campaign that officially began in August 1948 with the Wroclaw World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace. But the Parti Communiste Franȱais (PCF) had already mobilized a few months earlier under the drive of Resistance leader Charles Tillon, who, through contacts with prominent French intellectuals, helped found Combattants de la Liberte, later renamed Combattants de la Paix. These initiatives followed Soviet directives. At the Cominform's founding meeting, Moscow decided that disarmament propaganda would become its main anti-American offensive in the West. Orchestration from the Kremlin, however, did not exclude a symbiotic relationship that the Partito Comunista Italiano and especially the PCF sought to establish between their subordination to Moscow and their quest for international prominence. The Soviet Union found Paris, with the PCF's sponsorship, to be the best venue to regroup the pacifist offensive.

Keywords:   Cold War, communist peace campaign, Wroclaw World Congress, Intellectuals for Peace, Charles Tillon

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