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Talk with You Like a WomanAfrican American Women, Justice, and Reform in New York, 1890-1935$
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Cheryl D. Hicks

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834244

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807882320_hicks

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

To Live a Fuller and Freer Life

To Live a Fuller and Freer Life

Black Women Migrants' Expectations and New York's Urban Realities, 1890–1927

Chapter:
(p.23) 1 To Live a Fuller and Freer Life
Source:
Talk with You Like a Woman
Author(s):

Cheryl D. Hicks

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807882320_hicks.5

This chapter discusses how the will to improve their lives propelled African Americans from the South to the urban North. Beginning with a steady trickle during Reconstruction and increasing through the turn of the twentieth century, the Great Migration swelled to a flood during the years around World War I. Women migrants, whether on their own or aided by family members, moved in the hope of enjoying freedoms denied them in the Jim Crow South. They found that freedom was incomplete and came at a price. Some made occupational or financial sacrifices. For example, the woman interviewed in 1919 was a trained teacher who had left her professional position in the South to work in New York City's garment industry. Still, she spoke for other black migrants as well as herself when she judged the move worthwhile.

Keywords:   women migrants, African Americans, urban North, Reconstruction, Great Migration

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