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The Rise of Multicultural AmericaEconomy and Print Culture, 1865-1915$
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Susan L. Mizruchi

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832509

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807887967_mizruchi

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Indian Sacrifice in an Age of Progress

Indian Sacrifice in an Age of Progress

(p.102) 4 Indian Sacrifice in an Age of Progress
The Rise of Multicultural America

Susan L. Mizruchi

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses how the diversity of Indian tribes was reflected in their different responses to the daunting transformation of their circumstances; for instance, by the turn of the twentieth century, a population estimated at 1.5 million in the seventeenth century had dwindled to 237,000. Some sought spiritual solace in messianic religious movements such as the Sioux Ghost Dances, which anticipated the return of dead relatives and a lost way of life, and the sacred peyote rituals, which combined consumption of hallucinogenic cacti with a Pan-Indian politics that united adherents from various tribes. Others, such as the Cherokees and the Creeks, chose military resistance. Still another option was represented by a considerable Indian leadership, which formed the Society of American Indians in Columbus, Ohio, in 1911.

Keywords:   Indian tribes, spiritual solace, messianic religious movements, Sioux Ghost Dances, sacred peyote rituals, Pan-Indian politics

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