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The Rise of Multicultural AmericaEconomy and Print Culture, 1865-1915$
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Susan L. Mizruchi

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832509

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807887967_mizruchi

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Varieties of Work

Varieties of Work

(p.176) 6 Varieties of Work
The Rise of Multicultural America

Susan L. Mizruchi

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes how the nature of work changed in the second half of the nineteenth century. Advanced capitalist countries experienced the rise of the factory system, intensified machine production, and the massing and subdivision of labor. Between 1850 and 1900 every industry expanded dramatically, from the manufacture of locomotives, reapers, and Winchester rifles to textiles, cigars, and glass. The post-Civil War era ushered in what labor historian David Montgomery has called a “cult of productivity,” characterized by ever-increasing rates of output and scientific methods of management, imposed by a professional managerial class. While late nineteenth-century workers became habituated to an industrial time sense—a larger transformation signaled by the mass production of pocket watches—they also became aware of their ability to control rates of production.

Keywords:   nature of work, capitalist countries, factory system, subdivision of labor, David Montgomery, cult of productivity

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