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Beyond the AlamoForging Mexican Ethnicity in San Antonio, 1821-1861$
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Raul A. Ramos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832073

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807888933_ramos

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Forging Identity in the Borderlands Situating San Antonio de Béxar

(p.1) Introduction
Beyond the Alamo

Raúl A. Ramos

University of North Carolina Press

This book begins with a discussion of the tensions between the Mexican government and Anglo-American immigrants living in the eastern region of Texas—tensions that had effectively ended legal American immigration. The vecinos—Spanish citizens—of Bexar celebrated without acknowledging the increasing divide within their ranks over how best to deal with the growing Anglo-American insurrection. Only a few months following this Independence Day celebration in 1835, the self-proclaimed Army of Texas took over Bexar and its mission-turned-presidio, the Alamo. The action set in motion a successful Anglo-led movement to have Texas secede from Mexico. September 16, 1835 would be the last time Independence Day was celebrated in Mexican Texas. It would not, however, be the last Mexican independence celebration in San Antonio. This book tells the story of that continuity and of the transformation of identity in the region. It is the story of the cultural and political persistence of Bexarenos in the face of American expansion.

Keywords:   Mexican government, Anglo-American immigrants, legal American immigration, vecinos, Spanish citizens, Bexar

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