Insurgency and Social Order in Béxar
This chapter focuses on the 1821 transition from Spanish to Mexican rule, and its importance not just for the change in official national identity but also for the decade of turmoil that preceded it, starting with the rebellion in 1811. That period of violence revealed elements of the town's social order and the underlying connection between local culture and incipient nationalism. Still, a larger question remains: What explains Bexareno decisions to support either the insurgency or the Crown or to avoid conflict altogether? To understand Bexareno choices requires an analysis of the extent of dissatisfaction with Spain, the incentives encouraging independence, the decreased barriers to rebel, and internal support for the insurgency. While insurgency provided ideological support for independence on a national scale, local concerns shaped the protests raised by Tejanos and the form of their protest.
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