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Beyond the AlamoForging Mexican Ethnicity in San Antonio, 1821-1861$
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Raul A. Ramos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832073

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807888933_ramos

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Making Mexico

Making Mexico

Insurgency and Social Order in Béxar

(p.27) Chapter One Making Mexico
Beyond the Alamo

Raúl A. Ramos

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on the 1821 transition from Spanish to Mexican rule, and its importance not just for the change in official national identity but also for the decade of turmoil that preceded it, starting with the rebellion in 1811. That period of violence revealed elements of the town's social order and the underlying connection between local culture and incipient nationalism. Still, a larger question remains: What explains Bexareno decisions to support either the insurgency or the Crown or to avoid conflict altogether? To understand Bexareno choices requires an analysis of the extent of dissatisfaction with Spain, the incentives encouraging independence, the decreased barriers to rebel, and internal support for the insurgency. While insurgency provided ideological support for independence on a national scale, local concerns shaped the protests raised by Tejanos and the form of their protest.

Keywords:   official national identity, decade of turmoil, period of violence, social order, local culture, incipient nationalism

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