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Beyond the AlamoForging Mexican Ethnicity in San Antonio, 1821-1861$
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Raul A. Ramos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832073

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807888933_ramos

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2021

Voting and Violence

Voting and Violence

Tejanos and Ethnic Politics, 1848–1861

(p.205) Chapter Seven Voting and Violence
Beyond the Alamo

Raúl A. Ramos

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on Bexareno cart driver Nicanor Valdez and the morning of September 12, 1857. Valdez and a convoy of twelve Mexican teamsters continued their haul of American military supplies on the public road between San Antonio and the port on the Gulf of Mexico at Lavaca. Only this time, the convoy encountered an attack by a group of heavily armed bandits from Helena, in Karnes County. The attackers, about forty men in masks and painted faces, leveled their shotguns and six-shooters at the Mexican cart drivers. Without warning, the men began firing at the teamsters. Valdez's partner Antonio Delgado received fourteen shots, which killed him instantly. Valdez himself took a bullet in the shoulder. His brothers Esteban and Mariano were each wounded by pistol and shotgun fire as well. The convoy managed to make it back to San Antonio and report the attack to the justice of the peace.

Keywords:   Nicanor Valdez, Mexican teamsters, American military supplies, Antonio Delgado

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