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Kingdom to CommuneProtestant Pacifist Culture between World War I and the Vietnam Era$
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Patricia Appelbaum

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832677

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807889763_appelbaum

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Milking Goats for Peace

Milking Goats for Peace

A New Paradigm

Chapter:
(p.143) 9 Milking Goats for Peace
Source:
Kingdom to Commune
Author(s):

Patricia Appelbaum

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807889763_appelbaum.13

In the 1940s, the cooperative farm emerged as a paradigmatic form of pacifist living—not the only model for such living, but unquestionably an essential and central one. However, there is no necessary, self-evident, or biblical connection between milking goats or grinding one's own wheat, on the one hand, and world peace on the other hand. This chapter asks why pacifists made that connection beginning in the early 1940s and considers some of its meanings. It questions Pacifists' own sense of history, which located the connection in early Christian and Anabaptist communalism and in Tolstoyan peasant practices. The chapter considers the nature of life on the farms, and its spiritual foundations and expressions. Finally, it returns to the question of the meanings of cooperative farms in pacifist life and culture.

Keywords:   religious pacifism, Protestant pacifism, cooperative farm, pacifist culture

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