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Kingdom to CommuneProtestant Pacifist Culture between World War I and the Vietnam Era$
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Patricia Appelbaum

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832677

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807889763_appelbaum

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“Character ‘Bad’”

“Character ‘Bad’”

Harold Gray

(p.10) 1 “Character ‘Bad’”
Kingdom to Commune

Patricia Appelbaum

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines what Harold Studley Gray's Character “Bad” reveals about the culture of Protestant pacifism. Character “Bad” was an edited collection of letters written by a young man who turned to conscientious objection during the First World War and struggled with its implications. It circulated widely among pacifists and appeared on reading lists for Protestant youth groups through the end of World War II. Character “Bad” introduces persistent themes of pacifist culture—liberal and modernist theological reflection, scrupulous ethics, consistent living, cooperative economics, rural life, prison, and fasting—as well as mutable or contested themes such as conversion.

Keywords:   religious pacifism, Protestant pacifism, collection of letters, pacifist culture

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