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The Land Has MemoryIndigenous Knowledge, Native Landscapes, and the National Museum of the American Indian$
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Duane Blue Spruce and Tanya Thrasher

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832646

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807889787_blue_spruce

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Cardinal Direction Markers

Cardinal Direction Markers

Bringing the Four Directions to NMAI

Chapter:
(p.33) Cardinal Direction Markers
Source:
The Land Has Memory
Author(s):

James Pepper Henry

Kristine Brumley

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807889787_blue_spruce.6

This chapter looks at the cardinal directions: north, east, south, and west. These are known as the Four Directions to many indigenous people throughout the Americas. They are represented in ceremony, art, clothing, and agriculture. These Four Directions are imbued with metaphor and metaphysical powers that are related to our existence as human beings. A lot of Native peoples associate colors, seasons, and animals with these Four Directions and this forms what is called the Medicine Wheel. The confluence of the Four Directions is the center point, which is balance. The museum's planners used this concept when designing the museum's layout and shape.

Keywords:   cardinal directions, Four Directions, metaphor, Medicine Wheel, balance, center point, museum

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