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Legalizing IdentitiesBecoming Black or Indian in Brazil's Northeast$
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Jan Hoffman French

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832929

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807889886_french

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Constructing Boundaries and Creating Legal Facts: A Landowner Dies and a Quilombo is Born

Constructing Boundaries and Creating Legal Facts: A Landowner Dies and a Quilombo is Born

Chapter:
(p.77) Chapter 3 Constructing Boundaries and Creating Legal Facts: A Landowner Dies and a Quilombo is Born
Source:
Legalizing Identities
Author(s):

Jan Hoffman French

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807889886_french.9

This chapter charts the transformation of Mocambo identity through a series of legal categories, each carrying particular obstacles and rights, thus illustrating the first component of legalizing identity: the experience of revised identities as laws are invoked and rights are put into practice. This process was complicated by landowners' identities, how decisions were made in relation to the Xocó, disappointment in land reform, and the availability of a new law. The chapter presents a contextualized explication of the interpretation of the quilombo clause during the key years for Mocambo, which provides a prime example of postlegislative negotiation. It highlights the legitimating role of anthropology in redefining the quilombo concept as an illustration of governmentality and its effects. In this case, legalizing quilombo identity was a product of goading by Xocó neighbors combined with liberation theology, legal expertise, and anthropological theory.

Keywords:   quilombo identity, Mocambo, ethnoracial identity, legalizing identity, anthropology, governmentality

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