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Emancipation's DiasporaRace and Reconstruction in the Upper Midwest$
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Leslie A. Schwalm

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832912

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807894125_schwalm

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“Freedom Was All They Had” Civil Rights and Northern Reconstruction

“Freedom Was All They Had” Civil Rights and Northern Reconstruction

(p.175) 6 “Freedom Was All They Had” Civil Rights and Northern Reconstruction
Emancipation's Diaspora

Leslie A. Schwalm

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on African Americans' struggle for civil rights in the postwar era. It describes how black communities viewed themselves and how they chose to pursue their citizenship. After the war, black communities seeking white support for their enfranchisement drew together, in juxtaposition to white men, as a race and as a unified people. But once black men gained the franchise, black communities became both liberated and doomed to explore their heterogeneity, to pursue different and sometimes contesting strategies for full freedom and liberty.

Keywords:   American Americans, civil rights, citizenship, enfranchisement

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