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Puerto Rico in the American CenturyA History since 1898$
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Cesar J. Ayala and Rafael Bernabe

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807831137

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895535_ayala

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Transformation and Relocation: Puerto Rico's Operation Bootstrap

Transformation and Relocation: Puerto Rico's Operation Bootstrap

(p.179) 9 Transformation and Relocation: Puerto Rico's Operation Bootstrap
Puerto Rico in the American Century

César J. Ayala

Rafael Bernabe

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores the economic shifts that completely reshaped Puerto Rican society and the Puerto Rican diaspora in New York and beyond in the years after World War II. It begins by appraising the Partido Popular Democrático's pursuit of social reforms under the leadership of Luis Muñoz Marín, also the governor of Puerto Rico, including agrarian reform and the launch of a new development strategy called Operación Manos a la Obra (Operation Bootstrap). The chapter then examines the role of Teodoro Moscoso, head of the government program to attract U.S. investors, in the official drive to increase manufacturing and export production. It also considers the mass migration of Puerto Ricans to the United States during the 1950s and the role of the Estado Libre Asociado (ELA) government in this process. It concludes by discussing changes in the Puerto Rican economy and economic policy in the 1970s.

Keywords:   diaspora, New York, Partido Popular Democrático, social reforms, Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rico, agrarian reform, Operation Bootstrap, mass migration, economic policy

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