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Puerto Rico in the American CenturyA History since 1898$
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Cesar J. Ayala and Rafael Bernabe

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807831137

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895535_ayala

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Political and Social Struggles in a New Colonial Context, 1900–1930

Political and Social Struggles in a New Colonial Context, 1900–1930

(p.52) 3 Political and Social Struggles in a New Colonial Context, 1900–1930
Puerto Rico in the American Century

César J. Ayala

Rafael Bernabe

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines Puerto Rico's political and social struggles under U.S. rule in the midst of economic changes between 1900 and 1930. It begins by focusing on the Partido Republicano in the early years of U.S. rule, which covered the period 1900–1904. The Partido Republicano and Partido Federal were political parties that had been formed soon after the United States took control of Puerto Rico and came to dominate Puerto Rican politics. Meanwhile, the labor movement developed its own version of reformist colonial politics. The chapter explores these parallel routes to accommodation, paying particular attention to the rise of other political parties such as Partido Unión, which emerged as a defender of both coffee and sugar propertied interests, Partido Socialista, and Partido de la Independencia. It also discusses the passage of the Jones Act of 1917 that extended U.S. citizenship to Puerto Ricans, along with the birth of a Puerto Rican community in New York and a women's suffrage movement in Puerto Rico.

Keywords:   politics, political parties, United States, Puerto Rico, labor movement, coffee, sugar, Jones Act, New York, women's suffrage movement

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