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At the PrecipiceAmericans North and South during the Secession Crisis$
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Shearer Davis Bowman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807833926

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895672_bowman

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Slaveholders and Slaves, State's Rights and Revolution

Slaveholders and Slaves, State's Rights and Revolution

(p.38) 2 Slaveholders and Slaves, State's Rights and Revolution
At the Precipice

Shearer Davis Bowman

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on Mississippi and how one historian has described it as “the most southern of southern states—a prototype where is mixed all the peculiar forces and tensions that have made the American South unique in the nation.” During the 1850s, the state's cotton production surpassed that of Alabama, transforming the Magnolia State into the statistical heartland of the Cotton Kingdom. By 1840, after the presidential administration of Andrew Jackson had effected the final dispossession and “removal” to western Indian Territory of the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes, Mississippi had joined South Carolina as one of two states where African American slaves constituted a majority of the population. Although Mississippi followed South Carolina's December 1860 lead and became the second slave state to quit the Union, its state convention did not achieve the secessionist unanimity of South Carolina's.

Keywords:   Mississippi, southern states, American South, cotton production, Magnolia State, Cotton Kingdom

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