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The Color of the LandRace, Nation, and the Politics of Landownership in Oklahoma, 1832-1929$
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David A. Chang

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807833650

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895764_chang

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Owning and Being Owned: Property, Slavery, and Creek Nationhood to 1865

Owning and Being Owned: Property, Slavery, and Creek Nationhood to 1865

(p.17) 1 Owning and Being Owned: Property, Slavery, and Creek Nationhood to 1865
The Color of the Land

David A. Chang

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter traces the ways that events in the Creek Nation's homeland in Alabama and Georgia set the stage for an intensification of the practice of private land use after removal to what is now Oklahoma. It notes that in the years stretching from the 1780s to the beginning of the Civil War, a powerful and wealthy minority of Creeks adopted Euro-American ideas and practices of race, chattel slavery, and nationalism. The chapter explains that these ideas served the interests and the power of this elite minority but divided the nation into factions that faced off in a number of conflicts, including the U.S. Civil War. It also notes that the eighteenth-century Creeks have a land property system. The chapter explains that the Creek towns that owned lands incorporated people of indigenous, European, and African descent, which became known as the Creeks or the Muscogee Confederacy.

Keywords:   Creek Nation, Alabama, Georgia, Oklahoma, Civil War, Euro-American ideas, race, chattel slavery, nationalism, Muscogee Confederacy

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