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Nuclear ApartheidThe Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present$
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Shane J. Maddock

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807833551

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895849_maddock

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The President in the Gray Flannel Suit: Conformity, Technological Utopianism, Nonproliferation, 1953–1956

The President in the Gray Flannel Suit: Conformity, Technological Utopianism, Nonproliferation, 1953–1956

Chapter:
(p.81) 4 The President in the Gray Flannel Suit: Conformity, Technological Utopianism, Nonproliferation, 1953–1956
Source:
Nuclear Apartheid
Author(s):

Shane J. Maddock

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.8

This chapter traces Eisenhower's nonproliferation policy and the evolution of nuclear apartheid. It observes that the president had grown frustrated with his advisers' resistance to a nuclear test ban and other nonproliferation measures. The chapter notes that many administration officials viewed the spread of nuclear weapons as inevitable, saw nuclear weapons as the only guarantor of U.S. security, and sought technological solutions for both national security and propaganda challenges. It observes further that Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace proposal increased the risk of proliferation and that by 1956, multiple converging factors—ignorance of the link between nuclear power and nuclear weapons, Cold War suspicions, internal administrative disagreement, and presidential inefficacy—together subordinated nonproliferation to other American policy goals.

Keywords:   nonproliferation, nuclear apartheid, nuclear test ban, national security, Atoms for Peace, Cold War

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