An Overview of Protestant Migrations, 1630–1865
This chapter discusses Protestantism's contributions to Americans' wanderlust between 1630 and 1865 and tries to illustrate the similarities and differences involved in Protestant migrations by sorting them to two basic patterns or types. It then isolates the key ingredients within each pattern and explains how they made a particular migration distinctive. The chapter approaches Protestant migrations from different angles, highlighting the most important variable or themes that distinguished the various movements. It establishes a model to determine the type of Protestant migration: the first and common type involved religiously minded people moving to find some kind of spiritual and economic fulfilment; and the second type involved classic religious migrations led by a church, congregation, or minister. The chapter notes that a Protestant group moved en masse for one of three main reasons: to escape persecution by outsiders, to establish a religious utopia, or to mitigate internal conflict within a group.
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