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Prospero's AmericaJohn Winthrop, Jr., Alchemy, and the Creation of New England Culture, 1606-1676$
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Walter W. Woodward

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807833018

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895931_woodward

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The Republic of Alchemy and the Pansophic Moment

The Republic of Alchemy and the Pansophic Moment

(p.43) Two The Republic of Alchemy and the Pansophic Moment
Prospero's America

Walter W. Woodward

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes how John Winthrop, Jr. began a career of colonial leadership that would see him become one of the most important figures in all English America. Twenty-five years old and the firstborn son and namesake of Massachusetts's governor, Winthrop was destined by birth for colonial preferment and position. His affable, entrepreneurial personality, intercultural sensitivity, political savvy, and scientific knowledge helped him parlay that preferment into positions of Atlantic world eminence. Over the next half century, Winthrop would found three colonial towns, serve as a Bay Colony assistant for nearly two decades, govern the colony of Connecticut for eighteen years, secure that colony a charter from the Restoration court of Charles II granting it virtual independence, found several New England iron foundries, serve as physician to nearly half the population of Connecticut, and become a founding member of the Royal Society.

Keywords:   John Winthrop, colonial leadership, Atlantic world eminence, Charles II, Royal Society

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