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Prospero's AmericaJohn Winthrop, Jr., Alchemy, and the Creation of New England Culture, 1606-1676$
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Walter W. Woodward

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807833018

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807895931_woodward

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Which Man's Land? Conflict and Competition in Pequot Country

Which Man's Land? Conflict and Competition in Pequot Country

Chapter:
(p.93) Four Which Man's Land? Conflict and Competition in Pequot Country
Source:
Prospero's America
Author(s):

Walter W. Woodward

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807895931_woodward.9

This chapter focuses on the two conflicts that surfaced with explosive force in New England in 1637, which reverberated with particular impact on John Winthrop, Jr.'s new plantation in the mid-1640s. For more than a decade, the success or failure of the alchemical project hinged on how the issues raised by these earlier events would be resolved. The first of these conflicts, the Pequot War of 1637, had reduced the once powerful Pequot nation to servile status and exacerbated already-strained Indian relations in the former Pequot territory. At the same time, it had created competing claims to the former Pequot lands between the English colonies of Connecticut and Massachusetts as well as among their Indian allies, all of whom had played a part in the Pequots' overthrow. The decision of John Winthrop, Jr. to establish his new plantation in the heart of the former Pequot country heightened the tensions produced by destabilized Indian relations and intracolonial English competition, as various protagonists, including Winthrop, sought to manipulate events to achieve the greatest advantage.

Keywords:   alchemical project, Pequot War, English colonies, Indian allies, John Winthrop, intracolonial English competition

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