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Roots of ConflictBritish Armed Forces and Colonial Americans, 1677-1763$
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Douglas Edward Leach

Print publication date: 1986

Print ISBN-13: 9780807842584

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807898796_leach

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

. Florida, the Caribbean, and Georgia, 1739–1748

. Florida, the Caribbean, and Georgia, 1739–1748

(p.42) Chapter 3. Florida, the Caribbean, and Georgia, 1739–1748
Roots of Conflict

Douglas Edward Leach

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter shows how Britain's declaration of war against Spain in October 1739 gave Oglethorpe a desired opportunity to mount an offensive against Florida, with the objective of capturing St. Augustine, the principal Spanish base on the east coast 150 miles below Savannah. In reality, St. Augustine was little more than a sleepy garrison town located on a harbor having a northern entrance and a southern entrance thirteen miles apart, providing excellent shelter for Spanish shipping. The town itself, located almost directly opposite the northern entrance, was guarded by an impressive fortification called the Castillo de San Marcos, which had proved its mettle in 1702, when an expedition from South Carolina had tried and failed to take it. But now General Oglethorpe was convinced that he had the resources to deprive the Spaniards of their base at St. Augustine, and early in 1740 began making preparations for a full-scale naval expedition.

Keywords:   Britain, declaration of war, Spain, Oglethorpe, St. Augustine, Castillo de San Marcos, Florida

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