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Working KnowledgeEmployee Innovation and the Rise of Corporate Intellectual Property, 1800-1930$
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Catherine L. Fisk

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807833025

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807899069_fisk

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Corporate Management of Science & Scientific Management of Corporations

Corporate Management of Science & Scientific Management of Corporations

(p.177) 6 Corporate Management of Science & Scientific Management of Corporations
Working Knowledge

Catherine L. Fisk

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter shows how the spread of bureaucratic employment practices and the growth of firms eventually narrowed differences in legal status that previously had separated creative employees from machine operators and office clerks. After 1900, just as the social-class line was becoming increasingly clear between the middle class and the working class and between office and manual workers, the legal class line between working- and middle-class employees was becoming increasingly faint. All were employees of large firms, not servants, but not masters. White male office workers still expected to rise in the business world and saw themselves as superior to factory workers, but in law the distinction between the legal rights of a middle-class employee and a working-class employee had largely disappeared.

Keywords:   bureaucratic employment practices, growth of firms, legal status, creative employees, machine operators, office clerks

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