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From Chicaza to ChickasawThe European Invasion and the Transformation of the Mississippian World, 1540-1715$
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Robbie Ethridge

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834350

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807899335_ethridge

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

The Aftermath of Soto, ca. 1541–1650

The Aftermath of Soto, ca. 1541–1650

Chapter:
(p.60) Chapter 3 The Aftermath of Soto, ca. 1541–1650
Source:
From Chicaza to Chickasaw
Author(s):

Robbie Ethridge

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807899335_ethridge.7

This chapter shows how most scholars agree that the military losses at the hands of the early explorers and the destabilization of Native chiefdoms had a profound effect on many Mississippian polities. Soto and his men came as a conquering army, and the intense combat of a direct military assault by the Spanish may have precipitated the collapse of some chiefdoms. This was probably the case at the chiefdoms of Napituca in northern Florida, Anlico in Arkansas, and Tascalusa in Alabama. Unlike these battles, Indian casualties at the battles of Chicaza and Alimamu seem to have been low. Therefore, it is unlikely that Spanish conflicts with Chicaza and Alimamu alone could account for the fall of these chiefdoms.

Keywords:   military losses, early explorers, Native chiefdoms, Mississippian polities, Soto

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