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From Chicaza to ChickasawThe European Invasion and the Transformation of the Mississippian World, 1540-1715$
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Robbie Ethridge

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834350

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807899335_ethridge

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Western Expansion of the Shatter Zone, ca. 1680–1700

Western Expansion of the Shatter Zone, ca. 1680–1700

(p.149) Chapter 6 Western Expansion of the Shatter Zone, ca. 1680–1700
From Chicaza to Chickasaw

Robbie Ethridge

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter shows that, at the time of the Soto entrada, Chicaza had little intercourse with people on the Mississippi River. Perhaps as early as 1650, however, the Chickasaws entered into the new European trade system; by 1690 they had become primary slave raiders in the region; and by 1702 they controlled a western axis of trade that spanned from the Tombigbee River into Louisiana, unleashing even more turmoil in an area already reeling from eastern shock waves. The Chickasaw experience reflects the rapid expansion of the Indian slave system and Atlantic trade from the eastern seaboard to beyond the Mississippi River and the entanglement of numerous Indian polities in it. It also reflects the abilities of at least one Native group, the Chickasaws, to take advantage of the new trade by becoming militarized Indian slavers.

Keywords:   Soto entrada, Chicaza, Mississippi River, Chickasaws, European trade system

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