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Creating a Confederate KentuckyThe Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State$
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Anne E. Marshall

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834367

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807899366_marshall

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Two Kentuckys: Civil War Identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865–1915

Two Kentuckys: Civil War Identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865–1915

(p.111) 5Two Kentuckys: Civil War Identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865–1915
Creating a Confederate Kentucky

Anne E. Marshall

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on James Lane Allen's article in Harper's magazine in which he claimed that there were “two Kentuckys.” Allen's writing fell amid a growing stream of travel and local-color literature about southern Appalachia that had, by the 1880s, introduced the American reading public to the idea that the area comprised a distinctive civilization populated by a unique people. Within this context of Appalachian exceptionalism emerged the idea that Kentucky had endured two divergent Civil War experiences. One featured the landed, slave-owning Bluegrass aristocrats who sided with the South out of custom, kinship, and a proslavery position. In the other, the Kentucky mountaineer, who had little or no contact with the peculiar institution, had, by virtue of his century-long isolation and undiluted devotion to democratic institutions and nationalism, sided with the Union.

Keywords:   James Lane Allen, two Kentuckys, local-color literature, southern Appalachia, American reading public, Appalachian exceptionalism

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