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Creating a Confederate KentuckyThe Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State$
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Anne E. Marshall

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834367

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807899366_marshall

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Two Kentuckys: Civil War Identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865–1915

Two Kentuckys: Civil War Identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865–1915

Chapter:
(p.111) 5Two Kentuckys: Civil War Identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865–1915
Source:
Creating a Confederate Kentucky
Author(s):

Anne E. Marshall

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807899366_marshall.9

This chapter focuses on James Lane Allen's article in Harper's magazine in which he claimed that there were “two Kentuckys.” Allen's writing fell amid a growing stream of travel and local-color literature about southern Appalachia that had, by the 1880s, introduced the American reading public to the idea that the area comprised a distinctive civilization populated by a unique people. Within this context of Appalachian exceptionalism emerged the idea that Kentucky had endured two divergent Civil War experiences. One featured the landed, slave-owning Bluegrass aristocrats who sided with the South out of custom, kinship, and a proslavery position. In the other, the Kentucky mountaineer, who had little or no contact with the peculiar institution, had, by virtue of his century-long isolation and undiluted devotion to democratic institutions and nationalism, sided with the Union.

Keywords:   James Lane Allen, two Kentuckys, local-color literature, southern Appalachia, American reading public, Appalachian exceptionalism

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