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The Fruits of Their LaborAtlantic Coast Farmworkers and the Making of Migrant Poverty, 1870-1945$
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Cindy Hahamovitch

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780807846391

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807899922_hahamovitch

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Uncle Sam as Padrone: The Politics of Labor Supply in Depression and War

Uncle Sam as Padrone: The Politics of Labor Supply in Depression and War

Chapter:
(p.151) 7 Uncle Sam as Padrone: The Politics of Labor Supply in Depression and War
Source:
The Fruits of Their Labor
Author(s):

Cindy Hahamovitch

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807899922_hahamovitch.12

This chapter discusses the Wagner Act, which excluded field workers and domestics—some 65 percent of African American workers—from its provisions. Still, field workers were not abandoned by the state. If New Dealers were unwilling to redress farmworkers' powerlessness, they were gearing up to do something about their poverty. The agency that would take up their cause was the Resettlement Administration and its successor, the Farm Security Administration (FSA). The FSA's mission was to serve the nation's poorest rural people, including those excluded from or further impoverished by the administration's recovery measures. The FSA took 10 million acres of marginal land out of production and resettled the families that had worked them. It created suburban “greenbelt” developments that were designed to increase rural income by combining cooperative farming and small industry.

Keywords:   Wagner Act, field workers, domestics, New Dealers, poverty, Resettlement Administration, Farm Security Administration, FSA

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