This chapter describes how thousands of Chinese entered Cuba under the 1917 provisions for agricultural laborers. Soledad Estate in Cienfuegos recruited Chinese laborers and continued to concentrate them in the technical aspects of sugar production. In January 1921, for example, the following Chinese worked in the factory: Benito Díaz, Chon Chu, Chan Chau, Cun Chin, Sen Gui, and Ra Leon. The use of Chinese names in plantation records indicates the improved social and legal status of Chinese workers over the previous century. No longer were they indentured laborers, given a Spanish name upon arrival or baptism and bound by contract to work long years on sugar plantations. Rather, they were free men who kept their names. Chinese took advantage of temporary laws allowing the immigration of contract laborers for sugar production.
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