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The Formation of CandombléVodun History and Ritual in Brazil$
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Luis Nicolau Pares

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781469610924

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9781469610931_Pares

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Between Two Coasts

Between Two Coasts

Nations, Ethnicities, Ports, and the Slave Trade

(p.1) 1 Between Two Coasts
The Formation of Candomblé

Luis Nicolau Parés

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter reflects on the so-called Jeje nation based on an analysis of the context of West Africa and the historiography of this ethnonym in relation to the slave trade. Before evaluating who the Jeje were, however, it is important to understand what the term nation meant in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Along with other terms such as country or kingdom, nation was used at that time by slave traders, missionaries, and administrative officials from the European factories along the Mina Coast to designate diverse autochthonous populations. The initial use of nation in the context of West Africa by the English, French, Dutch, and Portuguese resulted from a sense of collective identity then prevalent in the European monarchic states, an identity projected on their commercial and administrative enterprises along the Mina Coast.

Keywords:   Jeje nation, West Africa, slave trade, autochthonous populations, collective identity

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