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This Violent EmpireThe Birth of an American National Identity$
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Carroll Smith-Rosenberg

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832967

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9780807832967.001.0001

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Asculinity and Masquerade

Asculinity and Masquerade

(p.191) Prologue Two Asculinity and Masquerade
This Violent Empire

Carroll Smith-Rosenberg

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores how and why New York City's Tammany Society appropriated the tradition of the Republic's middling classes. Mimicking Native Americans, these new republicans played at being braves and sachems in public and often political settings. They did so at great affairs of state and on patriotic holidays. However, these performances were belied by their condemnation of Native Americans as savage and inhuman. Why would elite and middling men play the surrogate, the counterfeit Indian? Why, at the very time that Washington's administration had launched an all-out military assault along the western frontier, would European Americans make such festive masquerades central to their new sense of national identity?

Keywords:   New York City, Creek warriors, Native Americans, Tammany Society, national identity

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