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Freedom’s DebtThe Royal African Company and the Politics of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1672-1752$
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William A. Pettigrew

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781469611815

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611815.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

The Outcomes

The Outcomes

Tropical Burlesques

(p.152) (p.153) Five The Outcomes
Freedom’s Debt

William A. Pettigrew

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter assesses the outcome of the Africa trade debates. It analyzes the nature of the separate traders’ victory and the meaning of Parliament’s and the state’s backing for deregulated slave trading up to the middle of the eighteenth century. The Africa trade debates concentrated on the problem of who ought to have access to the slave trade. The separate traders had conclusively won that issue. The aftermath of their victory ensured a huge expansion in the capacity of the British American slave trade, a greatly increased enslaved African population in America, and the continued development of provincial slave-trading centers, first Bristol and then Liverpool.

Keywords:   independent slave traders, slave trade, slave trade deregulation, Parliament, Africa trade debates

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