This chapter examines how World War I served as a catalyst for the growth of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States. It begins by considering the increase in the number of chemical abstracts published in English compared to German before explaining how the war sped up certain trends already underway, combined with the fear and hostility generated during the war. It then discusses how the war increased the profile of chemists, chemistry, and the chemical industry that made recruiting new chemists easier and expanded the amount of top-level research in organic chemistry and related fields. It also assesses the impact of the war on the international political economy before concluding with an analysis of the government's role in the development of the industry's technical and market expertise.
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