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The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals IndustryWar and Politics, 1910-1930$
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Kathryn Steen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469612904

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.001.0001

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(p.19) 1 / Before the War
The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry

Kathryn Steen

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the economy of synthetic organic chemicals prior to World War I, first by sketching a typical journey of a synthetic dye and a synthetic pharmaceutical from Germany to the United States in 1914. It cites two products, indanthrene blue GCD made by BASF and Salvarsan developed by Paul Ehrlich, both of which were embraced by Americans upon their introductions to the world markets. It considers indanthrene blue GCD and Salvarsan within the context of the complex global networks underlying the synthetic organic chemicals industry of the late 1800s and early 1900s. Finally, it discusses the synthetic organic chemicals industry in Germany and the United States.

Keywords:   economy, synthetic organic chemicals, synthetic dye, synthetic pharmaceutical, Germany, United States, indanthrene blue GCD, basf, Salvarsan, synthetic organic chemicals industry

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