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The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals IndustryWar and Politics, 1910-1930$
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Kathryn Steen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469612904

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

/ AmericanManufacturers,German Chemicals

/ AmericanManufacturers,German Chemicals

Dyes and Pharmaceuticals, 1914–1918

Chapter:
(p.41) 2 / AmericanManufacturers,German Chemicals
Source:
The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry
Author(s):

Kathryn Steen

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0003

This chapter examines the introduction of Germany's synthetic organic chemicals, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, to the United States and their manufacturing between 1914 and 1918. It considers how American entrepreneurs seized the opportunities born of World War I to wrest chemical markets from the German industry not only for economic aspects but also as a sense of patriotism. It also discusses the strategies adopted by American manufacturers in their attempt to acquire expertise and establish a domestic synthetic organic chemicals industry, including the formation of the trade associations; the characteristics of the new American industry; and the challenges faced by the nascent industry in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. In addition, the chapter looks at the American importers and subsidiaries for German chemical companies. Finally, it describes three U.S. companies that aspired to create large, vertically integrated operations in dyes and related synthetic organic chemicals before the end of the war: Federal Dyestuff & Chemical Corporation, National Aniline & Chemical Company, and E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company.

Keywords:   synthetic organic chemicals, dyes, pharmaceuticals, Germany, United States, manufacturing, World War I, synthetic organic chemicals industry, importers, trade associations

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