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The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals IndustryWar and Politics, 1910-1930$
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Kathryn Steen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469612904

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.001.0001

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/ Customs, Courts, and Claims

/ Customs, Courts, and Claims

The Industry and the Law, 1922–1930

(p.204) 7 / Customs, Courts, and Claims
The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry

Kathryn Steen

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines how the political and economic fallout from World War I affected the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during the period 1922–1930, especially with respect to Germany and its chemical industry. It considers the role of the judiciary, the Department of Commerce, the U.S. Tariff Commission, and related customs agencies in shaping the industry's future in the 1920s. It also discusses the importance of the Synthetic Organic Chemicals Manufacturers' Association to the industry's cause. Finally, the chapter analyzes the 1923 case USA v. The Chemical Foundation, Inc. and the issues it had raised, including the formation of the Chemical Foundation and the sale of patents to it, along with German chemical patents and patenting strategies.

Keywords:   synthetic organic chemicals industry, United States, Germany, judiciary, Department of Commerce, U.S. Tariff Commission, Synthetic Organic Chemicals Manufacturers' Association, Chemical Foundation, patents

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