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Traders and RaidersThe Indigenous World of the Colorado Basin, 1540-1859$
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Natale A. Zappia

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469615844

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469615844.001.0001

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Europeans and the Interior World

Europeans and the Interior World

(p.53) chapter 2 Europeans and the Interior World
Traders and Raiders

Natale A. Zappia

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores how trade and political alliances forged an interethnic Indian world ultimately leading to the dominance of a few key groups, including the powerful Quechan alliance along the Lower Colorado River. Emerging late in the seventeenth century, the power of the Quechans derived from Indigenous trading networks forged during the onset of the Little Ice Age in the fourteenth century. Throughout the eighteenth century, the Quechan and Maricopa alliances engaged in trading partnerships and competition along these routes. Ultimately, the advantageous location of the Quechans allowed them to emerge as one of the most dominant groups. They fiercely held onto this power throughout the eighteenth century even in the face of Spanish attempts to seize control of their territory. The chapter concludes with the Quechan victory and expulsion of the Spaniards in 1781.

Keywords:   trade, political alliance, interethnic Indian world, Quechan, Spaniards, trading networks

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