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Trials of CharacterThe Eloquence of Ciceronian Ethos$
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James M. May

Print publication date: 1988

Print ISBN-13: 9780807817599

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469616322.001.0001

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The Final Years

The Final Years

The Loss and Recovery of Independence, and the Ethos of a Patriot

(p.128) V The Final Years
Trials of Character

James M. May

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes the final years of Cicero, particularly his oratorical and political situation. In his last speeches from the “Philippics” there was nothing new or different in his methods compared to his previous speeches. The difference in the treatment of ethos in the “Philiippics” was not of method but of the scale of intensity and of sincerity. Cicero had always assumed his role as a patriot in his speeches, but this time, there was a substance of deeper purpose and sincerity. When all political trappings were removed, the speech became in itself the style, the ethos that exercised this power.

Keywords:   Philiippics, Cicero, political trappings, ethos

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