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Seasons of ChangeLabor, Treaty Rights, and Ojibwe Nationhood$
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Chantal Norrgard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469617299

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617299.001.0001

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From Berries To Orchards

From Berries To Orchards

The Transformation of Gathering

(p.20) Chapter One From Berries To Orchards
Seasons of Change

Chantal Norrgard

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the social and cultural significance of berrying for the Ojibwe. As a form of gathering, berrying was central to the traditional economies of the Ojibwe people. It took on a new importance under the conditions of colonialism that Ojibwes faced following the treaties. By transforming berrying into a number of different livelihoods, Ojibwes withstood Indian agents' pressure to farm and navigated the capitalist market in ways that served their own interests. In the process, this labor became a vehicle through which Ojibwes sustained and built community and articulated their sense of identity.

Keywords:   Ojibwe, berrying, capitalist market, gathering, labor, colonialism

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