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Seasons of ChangeLabor, Treaty Rights, and Ojibwe Nationhood$
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Chantal Norrgard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469617299

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617299.001.0001

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From Berries To Orchards

From Berries To Orchards

The Transformation of Gathering

Chapter:
(p.20) Chapter One From Berries To Orchards
Source:
Seasons of Change
Author(s):

Chantal Norrgard

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617299.003.0002

This chapter examines the social and cultural significance of berrying for the Ojibwe. As a form of gathering, berrying was central to the traditional economies of the Ojibwe people. It took on a new importance under the conditions of colonialism that Ojibwes faced following the treaties. By transforming berrying into a number of different livelihoods, Ojibwes withstood Indian agents' pressure to farm and navigated the capitalist market in ways that served their own interests. In the process, this labor became a vehicle through which Ojibwes sustained and built community and articulated their sense of identity.

Keywords:   Ojibwe, berrying, capitalist market, gathering, labor, colonialism

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